A farmer threshes his harvested crop in the village of Paliya Pipariya, Madhya Pradesh. In the age of combine harvesters, small scale farmers still rely on traditional methods such as bullock treading (seen in the picture) for threshing of crops, followed by winnowing. A common practice in many parts of the world, this particular method involves a herd of cattle tied to a wooden pole, made to tread in circles on the threshing floor where the dried crop is spread out. In Paliya Pipariya, the method is known as ‘Daauni’, implying the practice of separating the daana (Hindi term for grain) from the harvested crop.
Credits / copyrights
Centre for Community Knowledge, Ambedkar University Delhi
Centre for Communtiy Knowledge, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University Delhi
Threshing through Bullock Treading-Agricultural Practices