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University of Mandalay


museum de lakenhal Leiden 52° 9' 46.2852" N, 4° 29' 15.234" E


Comparing Leiden and Amarapura (Myanmar) about Handloom Weaving


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There are many ancient building and many records in Leiden. The weaving was the main economy in the 17th century. This city was many populations due to the weaving-related economy. In present, this area is nearly 15 weavers. They can mainly weave towel by using cotton or wooly. They use to weave by eight looms mostly. Weaving magazine publishes annually. The next generation is not interested this weaving.

In compare to Amarapura, the weaving industry is an elementary economy in this area until now. They don't have museum and possess a little evidence. But there are so many weavers and so much weaving (about 2000 loom). There becomes fewer and fewer weaver in urban area because of the low income. So the owners depend on the weaver in the rural area. The weavers have never joined any training school (Saunders Weaving Vocational Institute) which is situated in this area. But they can't learn specially because they grow up in weaving environment. They can mainly weave the sarong "longyi and pasoe". They can weave over one hundred shuttle looms. The fabric is produced by using many threads (silk, satin, nylon, cotton).

The handloom (see figure- 1) is shown at museum de lakenhal in Leiden. Another handloom (see figure- 2) can be seen in Myanmar. In compare to these looms, it can be found that there are not quite different. Both countries are maintaining their cultural heritage from generation to generation.

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